TEMA – MAPPING
agosto 21, 2013 § Deja un comentario
Hacer un mapa no es secundario ni únicamente una forma de representación, sino una acción doblemente operativa: por un lado, excavar, encontrar y exponer, y por el otro, relacionar, conectar y dar una estructura. Hacer un mapa no es posterior sino anterior al paisaje y las formaciones urbanas. En este sentido, mapear vuelve a los orígenes: como un proceso de exploración, descubrimiento y oportunidad. Mapear no es ejercer la autoridad, estabilidad y control, sino aquella actividad que permite la búsqueda, la revelación y la creación de nuevas relaciones y nuevas posibilidades. Como un nómada rasgando el territorio, el explorador que hace el mapa, da vueltas alrededor de lo obvio comprometido con lo que sin el mapa, permanece oculto.
Giambattista Nolli: Nolli Map, Roma, 1748.
Naked City- Guy Deborg, 1957.
Our central idea is that of the construction of situations, that is to say, the concrete construction of momentary ambiences of life and their transformation into a superior passional quality. We must develop a methodical intervention based on the complex factors of two components in perpetual interaction, the material environment of life and the comportments which it gives rise to and which radically transform it.
Guy E. Debord, “Report on the Construction of Situations” (1957)
Louis Kahn, Reformed Traffic Circulation Pattern, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1952.
Kevin Lynch: Image of the City, 1992.
First, paths are channels by which people move along in their travels. Examples of paths are roads, trails, and sidewalks. The second element, edges, are all other lines not included in the path group. Examples of edges include walls, and seashores. Next, districts are sections of the city, usually relatively substantial in size, which have an identifying character about them. A wealthy neighborhood such as Beverly Hills is one such example. The fourth element, nodes, are points or strategic spots where there is an extra focus, or added concentration of city features. Prime examples of nodes include a busy intersection or a popular city center. Finally, landmarks are external physical objects that act as reference points. Landmarks can be a store, mountain, school, or any other object that aids in orientation when way-finding.
Stan Allen: Points + lines; diagrams and projects for the city, Boston, 1999.
Stations and paths together form a system. Points and lines, beings and relations. What is interesting might be the construction of the system, the number and disposition of stations and paths. Or it might be the flow of messages passing through the lines. In other words, a complex system can be formally describes…
One might have sought the formation and distribution of the lines, paths, and stations, their borders, edges and forms. But one must write as well of the interceptions, of the accidents in the flow along the way between stations…
What passes may be a message but static prevents it from being heard, and sometimes, from being sent.
Philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari declare: ‘Make a map not a tracing!’
(Notes quoted/paraphrased from Corner, James, “The Agency of Mapping” Denis Cosgrove, ed., Mappings (Reaktion Books, 1999))
(LJ) Algunas referencias: